In North Carolina, Yellowwood is found only in a few of our western-most counties bordering Tennessee, and is among the rarest of our native trees. C. lutea, C. tinctoria, is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. Jun 5, 2019 - Yellowwood, Kentucky yellowwood. Wetland Status. Its ability to perform well when planted far outside of its natural range only deepens the mystery of the yellowwood. Cladrastis lutea ( syn. Once known as C. lutea, with lutea (yellow), referring to its yellow wood (see below). Rudd; Preferred Common Name. Though not particularly common or well-known locally, Cladrastis are beautiful trees. Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. Cladrastis kentukea When choosing a medium-sized tree (for instance to replace an ash lost to emerald ash borer) consider the yellowwood. Cladrastis kentukea Figure 1. The immense beauty and grace of the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is inversely proportional to its abundance. Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. K. Koch; International Common Names . This under-planted native packs a big wow factor from its fragrant, pendulous flower panicles in May to early June. After his visit to New Harmony in 1818, Rafinesque moved to Kentucky and held a professorship at Transylvania University in Lexington. Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood) is possibly the most unique ânativeâ tree of eastern North America. The trunk is grey brown and smooth, when mature shallow grooves may appear. American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) $ 40.00. Family: Fabaceae (fab-AY-see-ee) Genus: Cladrastis (kluh-DRAS-tis) Species: kentukea (ken-TUK-ee-uh) Cultivar: Rosea: Additional cultivar information: (aka Perkin's Pink) Synonym: Cladrastis kentuckea: One member has or wants this plant for trade. Cladrastis Raf. Cladrastis kentukea â Yellowwood. White seed pods emerge from the flowers and mature in September to October. Cours.) Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Young American Yellowwood. Cladrastis kentukea. American Yellowwood has bright green foliage that contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn. The American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) may be Americaâs most inherently valuable native tree for landscaping. As a bloomer and small shade tree, it deserves greater recognition and consideration for its fine qualities. Is also sometimes grown as multiple-stemmed shrub. Water â¦ Cladrastis kentukea Bean family (Fabaceae) Description: This medium-sized tree is 30-65' tall at maturity, forming a short trunk that soon branches and subdivides into a rounded crown. Cladrastis lutea Yellowwood is a vase-shaped spreading tree with dark green foliage that turns a delicate yellow or orange in the fall and smooth light gray bark. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama.Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia. Yellowwood ( Cladrastis kentukea)is a medium growing, deciduous tree of the legume family which features a broad, rounded crown and typically grows 30-50â² tall. French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. The Naming Hisory: Yellowwood was first named Sophora kentukea by Dumont de Courset in 1811. A medium-sized deciduous tree from the legume family, yellowwood is native to the southeastern United States. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood syn. Scientific Name. 0 more photos VIEW GALLERY. As the tree matures, the bark turns gray similar to a beech. The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). Its white, fragrant, pea-like flowers hang in 15-inch-long clusters in spring, and, in some years, the tree offers attractive yellow fall foliage. Despite its small native habitat, C. kentukea is hardy to zone 4 and performs well outside of its natural distribution. It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. This unique legume is endemic to the eastern United States and enjoys a strangely patchy distribution. They typically grow to be 30-50 feet tall at maturity, with upright b It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Cladrastis kentukea common name: Yellowwood. Cladrastis lutea (F. Michx.) 23 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Springtime will bring about an abundance of large pendulous panicles of intensely fragrant white flowers, very similar in appearance to those of wisteria. Yellowwood will grow to be about 45 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 45 feet. Breathtaking, pendulous, foot-long, wisteria-like clusters of fragrant white flowers appear in late spring and early summer, often in alternate years. See more ideas about Plants, Kentucky, Tree. It's an excellent small shade tree for smaller properties, as a single specimen or in groupings. Branches are usually gray and smooth, although sometimes they are brown. Cladrastis kentukea (Yellowwood) Pea Family (Fabaceae) Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our best medium-sized, native flowering tree. â¢ CT, MA; also reported from RI by Kartesz (1999), but specimens are unknown. Cladrastis kentukea Yellowwood » Cascades of fragrant white blooms in May and June » Elm-like shaped tree » Brilliant yellow fall foliage; Photo courtesy of Bailey Nursery 7 gal. Other names include American yellowwood and virgilia. Cladrastis kentukea, American yellowwood, is a medium sized tree with a patchy native range in the southeastern United States. Roadsides, forest borders and fragments, areas of habitation. â yellowwood Subordinate Taxa. Yellowwood is named for the bright yellow heartwood. Cladrastis: from the Greek, klado, a branch, and thraustos, fragile, referring to the brittle shoots. The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are white. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Cladrastis . A low branching tree with a wide, round crown that is rarely seen here. 1). Tâ¦ Read more. Cladrastis is from the Greek klados and thraustos which mean âbranchâ and âfragileâ in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea means âof Kentucky.â Common Name. This large, American-native is spectacular in spring, with creamy white flower panicles that are 8-14â³ long and loaded with fragrant pea-like flowers. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more. I was excited to spot the tree at left hanging â¦ American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood 'Rosea' Cladrastis kentukea. The species is native to the southeastern U.S. photo credit: R. Robert . kentukea: of Kentucky. On old trees, trunk bark is light gray and pebbly, while on young trees it is light gray and smooth. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. yellowwood Fabaceae Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Cladrastis (yellowwood) is a genus of nine species of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, eight native to eastern Asia, and one to southeastern North America.. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50â tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The tree may not flower for the first 8-10 years, but once the bloom begins, it can be spectacular. Cladrastis Species, American Yellowwood, Kentucky Yellowwood Cladrastis kentukea. âNativeâ because its current range is primarily restricted to scattered outcroppings in the Ozarks and southern Appalachian highlands where it often grows on shady slopes in chalky, limestone-rich soils. Following the flowers, 4â³ light brown seed pods form in autumn. - $149.99. Related Links. This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. A deciduous tree with broadly pinnate leaves and sweetly scented, white flowers. Cours.) The rich green foliage stands out in any summer landscape followed by a golden yellow fall display. Cladrastis kentukea Kentucky yellowwood Legal Status. Introduction. Kentucky Yellow Wood, Yellow Wood, Gopherwood, Virgillia. Category: Trees. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) Yellowwood (American Yellowwood) Categories: Trees. Although it flowers best in full sun, yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas. View gallery. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness. Though rare even within its native range, Cladrastis kentukea should be considered one of the most spectacular flowering trees of the eastern US. American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. kentukea) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10â15 metres (33â49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. The leaves are compound pinnate, with 5â17 alternately arranged leaflets. Cladrastis lutea and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) Plantae>Magnoliophyta>Magnoliopsida>Fabales>Fabaceae>Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd. yellowwood, Cladrastis kentukea. Cladrastis kentukea: American Yellowwood 1. Yellowwood is so named because the freshly cut heartwood is a muted to brilliant yellow color, and the wood is known to yield a yellow dye. Important properties. Identity Taxonomic Tree List of Pests Uses List ... Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10â20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. K. Koch; Sophora kentukea Dum.-Cours. Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood) Index. Common Name: yellowwood Scientific Name: Family: Fabaceae Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. American Yellowwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Yellowwood is so-named because the freshly-cut heartwood is a muted to brilliant yellow color, and the wood is known to yield a yellow dye (Fig. Photo by Rachel White . View gallery. Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson 2. Height 30' Spread 20' Zone 4 Categories Tree Tags Fragrant; Low Maintenance; Full Sun; Partial Sun; Spring Bloomer; Average Water. Yellowwood is a medium-sized tree is rare in its native range in North Carolina, where it is known from only a handful of counties in the western Mountains. 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